A woman is gifted with several organs in the body that are absent in a male body. well, the reason behind the presence of these extra organs in a woman’s body is to ensure that she can reproduce and give birth to a new human being. Since the number of organs in a woman’s body is more than that of a man, you have to take adequate care of them to ensure better health.
When you are planning to get pregnant or increase your family, we recommend you visit a doctor first to check everything inside your body. Having any unknown disease inside your body and not knowing about it can affect the health of the baby. Therefore, if you want to experience a hassle-free pregnancy, you have to make sure that you are in good health.
Often, you will see that women have cancerous cells in their reproductive organs. It is the presence of these cancerous cells that prevent a woman to become pregnant. Now, you might wonder about the way you need to accommodate to check if you have cancerous cells in the reproductive organs. One of the best and most accurate ways of checking this is by undergoing a colposcopy. We know that you haven’t heard of it much. So, we have come up with a blog related to colposcopy. Here, you will find all the necessary information about colposcopy. Therefore, without much delay, let’s get started with the blog.
What is colposcopy?
The purpose of colposcopy is to test if a woman has any abnormal cells in the cervix. If the doctor finds the presence of any abnormal cells, he takes the necessary medical measures. the whole procedure is performed with the help of a medical instrument known as a colposcope. With the help of a colposcope, the doctor gets enough light to illuminate the location of the cervix. In addition, the colposcope has a magnifying lens attached to it. Therefore, the doctor can examine the affected area or the number of cells that have been affected by cancer.
During the procedure, the doctor will first use an acetic solution or iodine to swab the cervix. It is this solution that helps to remove the mucus and free the cervix so that the colposcopy gets a clear picture of the cervix. During this process, you may get a tingling sensation or it may feel slightly burning. However, there is nothing to worry about it.
In most cases, you will find doctors taking a sample from the cervix and bringing it out to put it to the test. This taking out of sample tissue is known as a biopsy. Generally, the medical industry follows two different types of biopsies – the first one is where the doctor takes the sample from the outer portion of the cervix and the second one is where the doctor takes the sample tissue from the inner lining of the cervix. The whole process of colposcopy takes nearly 5 to 10 minutes.
Purpose of colposcopy
When the doctor finds the presence of abnormal cells through a pap smear in your cervix, he will perform a colposcopy. Through colposcopy, the doctor can get closer to the cervix to explore the abnormality of the cells and their unnatural growth. For other health concerns related to the cervix, the doctor can also perform a colposcopy.
Other varied reasons for colposcopy include the following:
- Abnormal bleeding
- Presence of genital warts
- Benign growth in the cervix or polyps
- Inflamed cervix or cervicitis
- To monitor the results of the treatment
Procedure for colposcopy
We recommend everyone undergo a colposcopy when they are not in their menstrual cycle. This is because the period blood flow may block the cervix and as a result, the doctor performing the colposcopy will not get a clear view of the cervical lining. As per the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, here are a few things that people should strictly avoid at least 24 hours before the colposcopy:
- Sexual intercourse
- Vaginal medications
- Using tampons
When you are undergoing the procedure of colposcopy, you will experience the following:
- First, the patient undergoing the colposcopy will have to lie down on a flat area and raise her legs upwards.
- Then, the doctor will insert a speculum to ensure that the vaginal walls are not sticking to each other during the examination. In this step, the patient may feel slight pain and discomfort since the doctor inserts the speculum inside. However, there is nothing to worry about.
- Now, the doctor will slowly proceed with the colposcope towards your cervix. First, he will place the device on your vaginal opening and then gradually move it inside for a better view.
- To collect the swab from inside the vagina, the doctor will swab the vagina and the cervix. This helps the doctor to see the cervix well.
- When the doctor sees abnormal growth of tissues, he performs a biopsy to take a sample tissue from the affected region to put it to the test.
Sometimes, the doctor considers using another solution to diminish the bleeding and cauterize the area. In most cases, this solution is Monsel’s solution or silver nitrate. When you expel these solutions from the body, they may appear blackish or brownish. However, there is nothing to worry about this.
Once the process is over, a person should feel absolutely fine without any change in her body. For some people, you may experience light cramping or spotting. However, people can continue with their regular activities right after the colposcopy. Also, you do not need to avoid vaginal sex.
If the doctor performs a biopsy, you need to give yourself one or two days to recover completely. Since biopsy induces slight bleeding and pain. To relax the pelvic muscles and reduce the pain, you can ask your doctor to suggest some over-the-counter medicines. Right after a biopsy, a doctor suggests avoiding douching, using a tampon and sexual intercourse for at least the next three days.
So, with the help of a colposcopy, you can easily determine whether you have any issues in the cervix. Also, whenever you suspect anything unusual in the vagina or cervix, head to the gynaecologist for private colposcopy in London straight away. Remember, the more you delay the process of treatment, the more serious the disease gets.