An overbite is one of the conditions that most frequently require orthodontic treatment. Since overbites have the potential to produce both physical and psychological problems, they are orthodontic problem that is typically treated as soon as possible. The plan and methods for therapy depend on how serious the case is.
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What is meant by overbite?
An overbite occurs when the upper jaw and teeth cross the lower jaw. Dentists and orthodontists consider overbites to be a form of malocclusion. A vertical or horizontal overbite is common. The top teeth protrude over the bottom teeth in a horizontal overbite, whereas the top teeth overlap the bottom teeth in a vertical overbite (more commonly known as overjet). Both of these symptoms may be present in patients.
The cause of an overbite could be skeletal or dental. Dental overbites happen when teeth are positioned wrongly, and skeletal overbites are caused by the jaw. Overbites are the most prevalent dental problem in children.
What results in overbite?
Although some individuals’ jaws are malformed from birth and develop unevenly, it is unclear why some people develop an overbite while others do not. Others may have jaws that are too big or small at birth to accommodate their teeth, which can result in crowding, broad spaces between teeth, and an overbite. We are aware that genetics play a big part. In light of this, it is more likely that if the parents need orthodontic treatment for an overbite, so will the children, who will likely also need it.
Some of the deepest overbites can be attributed to environmental factors rather than heredity. After the age of five, children who regularly suckle their thumb, finger, or both run the risk of pushing their front teeth and jawbone forward. The top teeth and jaw extend outward to make space for the forward tongue, whilst some parts of the hand can push the bottom teeth and bone back. It’s critical to urge kids to stop thumb sucking by the age of five so that the jaw and teeth can develop regularly.
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Braces to correct overbites
Braces can usually correct overbite problems. During the assessment phase, X-rays are used to determine the type of overbite and the position of the teeth and jaw. After that, braces are put on the upper and lower dental arches.
The arch wire initially aligns and straightens the teeth. In the second stage of braces, elastics (small rubber bands) may be used to gently move the jawline into the correct position. The bands are fastened to the brackets from the front to the back or top to bottom to help move the teeth and jaw. The bands are taken off and put back on before eating, drinking, and brushing teeth.
For the bands to exert pressure consistently, you must wear them all the time. If worn and taken off frequently, the jaw and teeth may pain more frequently. The last stage of treatment involves wearing a retainer or utilizing a permanent wire to maintain the teeth in the proper alignment.
Some individuals may opt for less invasive treatments like ceramic or lingual (inside) braces or Invisalign aligners to treat their overbite. You should see your orthodontist before selecting the type of treatment you want because not every instance requires a given form of therapy.
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